نژادهای محلی سگهای ایران
Before you start to visit the page of our breeds, please be attentive to these important words about the native breed dogs of iran:
It was never a federation or breed club for control breeding (even imported dogs) in Iran. So many of these are not 100% pure dogs. But it's sure that many villagers tried to make some of their dogs (like Tazis) with a clean line of breeding. That's why in many parts of this country we can find many dogs like the western dogs of neithboords countries.
Do'nt be surprise if you see some "Western" dogs as "native dogs of Iran" in this page, and do'nt forget that some of these foreigen countries, once were one part of the ancient Persia.
Generally we can find two group of native dogs in Iran: 1- Hounds 2- Shepherds. Toy dogs are all imported breeds from western countries. These dogs you can see in "imported dogs" page.
The Mastiff page is about the old Persian mastiffs from the early civilizations times of this country and these dogs are the ancestors of the Shepherd breeds.
Another important fact is that all of these local dogs are consider as natural breeds and the human hand, had no influence to created them.

Finally these dogs (specially the shepherds) even from the same breed, have difference local names in difference areas.

Shepherd dogs:

It seems that shepherd dogs are used in Iran from the ancient times may be from 8000 years ago. Persians were land workers and shepherds from the earlier times. For example we know that goats became domisticated for the first time in the world in south west of Iran. Sheeps were among the first animals domesticated too. An archeological site in Iran produced a statuette of a wooled sheep which suggests that selection for woolly sheep had begun to occur over 6000 years ago.

One of the oldest shepherd dogs in world was an ancient breed from Iran that named: "persian shepherd dog". it must be the next direct generation of "Canis Familiaris Metris-Optimas" (from end of the bronze period). It looks as a wolf kind dog and it seems that this was the father of all the "wolf kind dogs" of the world (like German and Belgian shepherds) I found this name with two paintings of it in three diffrence books. Todays, dogs have a very special and important place for the Iranian shepherds life. Generally we can find many beeds of shepherd dogs in almost everywhere in Iran, with two group of peoples: these dogs in farms and with the nomadians.

We call shepherd dogs in Persian with many words like: sag-e galleh, sag-e chupan, sag-e shabaan, and in Afghanestan (that speak in persian too) in another persian word as sag-e rameh. (sag = dog).

In Iran the people do not know their shepherd dogs with their official breed names. for them all of these dogs are just "sag-e galleh" (shepherd dogs). It's because: first of all it was never in this country a kennel or federation for breeding these dogs. And secondly because they are interesting more for their works and not their beauty or pure bloods.

Iranian shepherds give their dogs very nice names too: gorgi (like wolf), khersi (like bear), galleh-pa (flock guardian) nahang (corcodil), Palang (panther). These dogs are working animals and are very widely used (as Guardian dogs) to defend domestic flocks, farmer fields and homes, against thieves and predatory animals (e.g., wolves, bears, wild boars, lynxes, panthers).

These dogs are fed (generally coarse bread or wheat-flour cakes and little meat) only by the shepherds, to whom they become attached; so they are aggressive and dangerous toward strangers and even for the other members of the family.

"Persian Shepherd Dog" from end of the bronze period

very similar "Persian Shepherd Dog" at Gholfak top mountain

(North of Iran). Photo: 8.2000 (C): Iranzoo.co.nr

سگهای گله و نگهبان ایرانی

In Iran,farmers and nomads usally do not crop the tails of their livestock?guardians but many sorts of croping ears are seen. Two different opinions are in Iran about cuting the ears and tails of dogs: the first opinion believes that this act will protect the dogs while they fight with large predators and in the other hand, some beleives that cropping the ears will make the dogs more aggressive!.

According to one article from keyhan newspaper (6/1977): "many of the stray dogs in Iranian cities that finally will be killed by goverment, are the shepherd dogs that came with their flocks to the city and get lost in the streets when their owners sell the sheeps to slaughterhouses."

سگهای شکاری:

برای ایرانیان مسلمان سگ شکاری همچون سگهای گله بخشی از مال و دام صاحبان آنها بحساب آمده و نگهداری و پرورش آن از لحاظ شرعی مجاز میباشد. وقتی از سگهای شکاری در ایران حرف میزنیم اکثرا یاد سگهای تازی میافتیم ولی حقیقت این است که هم نژاد فیندو و هم نژادهای خارجی  (از قبیل رتریورها و اسپانیالها) از ایام گدشته در ایران وجود داشته و با متاسفانه همین نژادهای خارجی با سگهای محلی ما قاطی شده اند.

سگهای تازی بوفور در تاریخ و فرهنگ ایران ذکر شده و از اسناد بجای مانده چنین برداشت میشود که این سگ هم از ارزش بالائی برخوردار بوده و هم برای نگهداری - تعلیم و پرورش آن شرایط خاصی درنظر گرفته میشده است. همچنین در شکار با این سگ دقت بسیاری بکار گرفته میشده است. در دوران پس از وردو اسلام به ایران تعلیم سگ تازی فقط بدست مربیان مسلمان انجام میشده و سگها چنین تربیت میافتند که شکار خود را زنده بدست آورده و تحویل صاحبش دهد. با این حال گفته میشود که مسلمانان سنی برای تربیت سگهای تازی از افراد غیرمسلمان هم استفاده میکردند و به روایتی حضرت محمد شکار گوشتی را که توسط سگ تازی با مربی زرتشتی بدست آمده را نیز حلال اعلام فرموده اند. مفصران دین نیز بر این عقیده اند که وقتی شکارچی مسلمان باشد فرقی نمیکند که سگ شکاری توسط چه کسی آموزش دیده است (برگرفته از فرهنگ ایرانیکا).

 


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