Snakes of Iran

There are 60 species of poisonous and non-poisonous snakes in Iran

Order: SQUAMATA Family: COLUBRIDAE

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: ASIAN-WOLF SNAKE
  • Scientific Name: Lycodon striatus bicolor
  • Name in Farsi: Mareh Gorgi
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 40-100 cm.
  • Distribution: There are some reports from Iran

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: ?
  • Scientific Name: Lytorhynchus Ridgewayi
  • Name in Farsi: Mareh Darafshi
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 55 cm.
  • Distribution: In Khuzestan, Markazi, Kerman, and Sistan Provences

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: STREAKED KUKURI SNAKE
  • Scientific Name: Oligodon Taeniolatus
  • Name in Farsi: Lus Mar
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 60 cm.
  • Distribution: A few have been reported from Mazandaran Provence

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: MEDITERRANEAN CAT SNAKE
  • Scientific Name: Telescopus Fallax
  • Name in Farsi: Susan Mar
  • Semi-poisonous
  • Size: 100 cm.
  • Distribution: Have been reported from Markazi, Esfahan, Semnan, Sistan & Baluchestan, Azarbaijan, Zanjan and Hamedan Provences

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: SMOOTH SNAKE
  • Scientific Name: Coronella Austriaca
  • Name in Farsi: Gorg Mar
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 70 cm.
  • Distribution: A few have been seen in north of Iran

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: ?
  • Scientific Name: Rhynchocalamus Melanocephalus
  • Name in Farsi: Mareh Sar Siah
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 50 cm.
  • Distribution: Almost have been seen in centreal Provences

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: WHIP SNAKE
  • Scientific Name: Coluber Rhodorhachis
  • Name in Farsi: Mareh Gheitani
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 165 cm.
  • Distribution: Have been reported from Markazi, Esfahan, Khorasan, Fars, Khuzestan, Sistan&Baluchestan, Bushehr, Semnan and Kordestan Provences

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: WHIP SNAKE
  • Scientific Name: Coluber Ventrimaculatus
  • Name in Farsi: Mareh Dasti
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 100-200 cm.
  • Distribution: Almost in all of the Provences

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: SPOTTED WHIP SNAKE
  • Scientific Name: Coluber Ravergieri
  • Name in Farsi: Mareh Palangi
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 200 cm.
  • Distribution: Almost in all of the Provences like: Markazi, Khorasan, Zanjan, West Azarbaijan, Gilan, Mazandaran, Kerman, Kermanshah, Fars and Hamedan

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: DICE SNAKE
  • Scientific Name: Natrix Tessellata
  • Name in Farsi: Mareh Cheliper
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 80-150 cm.
  • Distribution: Most of the country, Specialy the Markazi, Khorasan, Azarbaijan, Lorestan and Hamedan Provences
   
Order: SQUAMATA Family: VIPERIDAE

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: MCMAHON'S DESERT VIPER
  • Scientific Name: Eristicophis Macmahoni
  • Name in Farsi: Kak Mar
  • poisonous
  • Size: 80 cm.
  • Distribution: East area of the Iran in the border with Pakestan
Order: SQUAMATA Family: BOIDAE

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: DESERT SAND BOA
  • Scientific Name: Eryx Miliaris
  • Name in Farsi: Kur Mareh Soleimani
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 65 cm.
  • Distribution: In Hamedan, Khorasan, Mazandaran, Esfahan, Khuzestan, Sistan, and West Azarbaijan Provences

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • Common Name: RUSSIAN SAND BOA, BLACK SAND BOA, DWARF SAND BOA, CENTRAL ASIAN SAND BOA, MOUNTAIN SAND BOA
  • Scientific Name: Eryx Miliaris Miliaris
  • Name in Farsi: KURMAREH ?
  • Size: 2-2,80 feet
  • Distribution: North of Iran near the Caspian Sea

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: TATAR SAND BOA
  • Scientific Name: Eryx Tataricus
  • Name in Farsi: Kur Mareh Tatari
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 72 cm.
  • Distribution: In Khuzestan, Markazi, Zanjan, West and East Azarbaijan

Photo (C): Darabad Museum of Tehran-Iran

  • Common Name: INDIAN SAND BOA
  • Scientific Name: Eryx Johni
  • Name in Farsi: Kur Mareh Baluchestani
  • non-poisonous
  • Size: 100 cm.
  • Distribution: A few have been seen in Zabol (South-East of Iran)
   
Order: SQUAMATA Family: ?
  • Common Name: Transcaucasian Rat Snake, Taurus Mountain Rat Snake
  • Scientific Name: Elaphe Hohenackeri Hohenackeri
  • Name in Farsi: ?
  • Size: 60 to 75 cm (up to 90 cm)
  • Distribution: Azarbaijan Provence
  • Common Name: Aesculapian Rat Snake
  • Scientific Name: Elaphe Longissima Longissima
  • Name in Farsi: ?
  • Size: 90 to 140 cm (up to 200 to 225 cm)
  • Distribution: NorthWest Iran
  • Common Name: Aesculapian Rat Snake
  • Scientific Name: Elaphe Longissima
  • Name in Farsi: ?
  • Size: 140 to 205 cm
  • Distribution: North of Iran
  • Common Name: Persian Rat Snake
  • Scientific Name: Elaphe Longissima Persica
  • Name in Farsi: ?
  • Size: 70 to 90 cm (up to 120 cm)
  • Distribution: NorthWest Iran near the Caspian Sea, SouthEast tip of Azarbaijan (around Lenkoran)
  • Common Name: Bulgarian Rat Snake
  • Scientific Name: Elaphe quatuorlineata sauromates
  • Name in Farsi: ?
  • Size: 15 to 18 cm
  • Distribution: ?
 

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